Malaysian NANO-An International Journal (MNIJ) offers a multidisciplinary source of information in all subjects and topics related to Nanotechnology, with fundamental, technological, as well as societal and educational perspectives. Special issues are regularly devoted to research and development of nanotechnology in individual countries and on specific topics. Articles for MNIJ are by invitation only. Malaysian NANO-An International Journal (MNIJ) is an open access peer-reviewed, multi-disciplinary journal twice yearly published by the Nanotechnology & Catalysis Research Centre, University of Malaya, Malaysia. MNIJ publishes high-quality original research papers, review papers, case reports, short communications and letters to the editor and makes them accessible to the interested audience worldwide.